Temporal dynamics of cardiac hypertrophic growth in response to pressure overload

Yuan Wang, Yuannyu Zhang, Guanqiao Ding, Herman I. May, Jian Xu, Thomas G. Gillette, Hang Wang, Zhao V. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors of heart failure. In response to high blood pressure, the left ventricle manifests hypertrophic growth to ameliorate wall stress, which may progress into decompensation and trigger pathological cardiac remodeling. Despite the clinical importance, the temporal dynamics of pathological cardiac growth remain elusive. Here, we took advantage of the puromycin labeling approach to measure the relative rates of protein synthesis as a way to delineate the temporal regulation of cardiac hypertrophic growth. We first identified the optimal treatment conditions for puromycin in neonatal rat ventricular myocyte culture. We went on to demonstrate that myocyte growth reached its peak rate after 8-10 h of growth stimulation. At the in vivo level, with the use of an acute surgical model of pressure-overload stress, we observed the maximal growth rate to occur at day 7 after surgery. Moreover, RNA sequencing analysis supports that the most profound transcriptomic changes occur during the early phase of hypertrophic growth. Our results therefore suggest that cardiac myocytes mount an immediate growth response in reply to pressure overload followed by a gradual return to basal levels of protein synthesis, highlighting the temporal dynamics of pathological cardiac hypertrophic growth. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We determined the optimal conditions of puromycin incorporation in cardiac myocyte culture. We took advantage of this approach to identify the growth dynamics of cardiac myocytes in vitro. We went further to discover the protein synthesis rate in vivo, which provides novel insights about cardiac temporal growth dynamics in response to pressure overload.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1119-H1129
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • Growth dynamics
  • Pathological cardiac hypertrophy
  • Pressure overload
  • Puromycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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