Teaching plastic surgery from different perspectives

Christian Cable, Tae Chong, Daniel D. Pratt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Just as everyone has a different learning style, teachers too approach the task from different perspectives. There are five basic teaching perspectives or styles: transmission, apprenticeship, developmental, nurturing, and social justice. The acronym BIAS is useful to describe the beliefs, intentions, assessments, and strategies associated with each perspective. The authors present a hypothetical 1-week rotation in plastic and reconstructive surgery in which a student encounters instructors who embody the five basic teaching perspectives. By presenting these perspectives, the authors introduce valuable teaching techniques that can benefit all those charged with the education of learners along the spectrum from premedical to continuing education venues. Educational objectives include the following: (1) explain and illustrate different approaches to effective teaching in plastic surgery; (2) introduce readers to the Teaching Perspectives Inventory as a means of determining their primary teaching style; and (3) argue for a "plurality of the good" in teaching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1428-1434
Number of pages7
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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