TAF11 Assembles the RISC Loading Complex to Enhance RNAi Efficiency

Chunyang Liang, Yibing Wang, Yukiko Murota, Xiang Liu, Dean Smith, Mikiko C. Siomi, Qinghua Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Assembly of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) requires formation of the RISC loading complex (RLC), which contains the Dicer-2 (Dcr-2)-R2D2 complex and recruits duplex siRNA to Ago2 in Drosophila melanogaster. However, the precise composition and action mechanism of Drosophila RLC remain unclear. Here we identified the missing factor of RLC as TATA-binding protein-associated factor 11 (TAF11) by genetic screen. Although it is an annotated nuclear transcription factor, we found that TAF11 also associated with Dcr-2/R2D2 and localized to cytoplasmic D2 bodies. Consistent with defective RLC assembly in taf11-/- ovary extract, we reconstituted the RLC in vitro using the recombinant Dcr-2-R2D2 complex, TAF11, and duplex siRNA. Furthermore, we showed that TAF11 tetramer facilitates Dcr-2-R2D2 tetramerization to enhance siRNA binding and RISC loading activities. Together, our genetic and biochemical studies define the molecular nature of the Drosophila RLC and elucidate a cytoplasmic function of TAF11 in organizing RLC assembly to enhance RNAi efficiency. Liang et al. show that TAF11, an annotated nuclear transcription factor, is part of the Drosophila RISC loading complex (RLC). They provide evidence that TAF11 assembles the RLC by facilitating Dcr-2-R2D2 tetramerization to enhance RNAi efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-818
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular cell
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 3 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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