Purpose:: Five-fraction stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) regimens are frequently used to treat centrally located early-stage non-small cell lung cancer or disease in the proximity of the chest wall as a means of optimizing tumor control and reducing treatment toxicity. However, increasing these SABR regimens to 5 fractions may reduce tumor control outcomes. We sought to identify the clinical parameters predictive of treatment failures with these 5-fraction courses. Methods:: Ninety patients with T1-2 non-small cell lung cancer were treated with 50 or 60 Gy in 5 fractions. Failure over time was modeled using cumulative incidences of local, regional, or distant failure, with death as a competing risk. Cox proportional hazards analysis for incidences of failure was performed to control for patient variables. Results: Of 90 patients, 24 of 53 patients with T1 tumors and 19 of 37 patients with T2 tumors received 50 Gy SABR, and the other 47 patients received 60 Gy. Two-year overall survival and progression-free survival for the whole cohort were 75.8% and 59.3%, respectively. Total SABR dose (50 vs 60 Gy) did not influence survival nor failure rates at 2 and 5 years. Within 2 years of treatment, 7.8% of all patients developed local failure. For all patient and tumor characteristics evaluated, only T stage and pretreatment positron emission tomography standardized uptake values served as predictors of local, regional, and distant failure at 2 and 5 years posttreatment on univariate and multivariable analysis. Conclusions: Five-fraction SABR provides excellent in-field control. T2 and high fluorodeoxyglucose uptake tumors have increased failure rates, suggesting the potential need for adjuvant therapies, which are being assessed in randomized phase 3 trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging