Supplementation of Total Parenteral Nutrition Solutions with Ferrous Citrate

M. H. Sayers, D. K. Johnson, L. A. Schumann, M. F. Ivey, J. H. Young, C. A. Finch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Daily infusion of a total parenteral nutrition (TPN) formulation containing 1 liter of 5.5% Travasol provides less than 0.1 milligrams of iron. By comparison, a formulation which includes a liter of 10% Travamin provides 2 milligrams of iron per day. To meet iron requirements in patients infusing formulations containing Travasol, iron was added as ferrous citrate. In in vitro experiments, 74% of this iron was available to transferrin. In seven patients in whom in vivo availability was tested by red cell incorporation, the mean availability was 81%. Ferrous citrate is recommended as a safe, effective additive to TPN solutions for adult patients requiring iron supplements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-120
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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