1H NMR-based metabolic profiling for evaluating poppy seed rancidity and brewing

Ewa Jawien, Adam Zabek, Stanislaw Deja, Marcin Lukaszewicz, Piotr Mlynarz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Poppy seeds are widely used in household and commercial confectionery. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the application of metabolic profiling for industrial monitoring of the molecular changes which occur during minced poppy seed rancidity and brewing processes performed on raw seeds. Both forms of poppy seeds were obtained from a confectionery company. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) was applied as the analytical method of choice together with multivariate statistical data analysis. Metabolic fingerprinting was applied as a bioprocess control tool to monitor rancidity with the trajectory of change and brewing progressions. Low molecular weight compounds were found to be statistically significant biomarkers of these bioprocesses. Changes in concentrations of chemical compounds were explained relative to the biochemical processes and external conditions. The obtained results provide valuable and comprehensive information to gain a better understanding of the biology of rancidity and brewing processes, while demonstrating the potential for applying NMR spectroscopy combined with multivariate data analysis tools for quality control in food industries involved in the processing of oilseeds. This precious and versatile information gives a better understanding of the biology of these processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-772
Number of pages16
JournalCellular and Molecular Biology Letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Bioprocess quality control
  • Brewing
  • Chemometrics
  • Metabolomics
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • Poppy seeds
  • Rancidity
  • System biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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