SU‐GG‐J‐153: Voxel‐Based Phenomenological SUV‐Dose Response Model for the Human Parotid Glands

B. Cannon, S. Tucker, M. Chambers, A. Garden, M. Martel, D. Schwartz, L. Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The goal of this study is to evaluate SUV as an imaging biomarker of parotid function following radiotherapy (RT) and to develop a phenomenological model of SUV‐dose response, enabling prediction of the biomarker prior to RT. Method and Materials: As part of an ongoing study, patients (n = 8) with head and neck cancer (HNC) had 18F‐FDG PET/CT studies performed before (within 30 days) and following RT (∼50 days). In addition, resting and stimulated whole mouth saliva was collected. Next, a deformable image registration algorithm was utilized to map parotid contours from planning CT (PCT) images to pre‐ and post‐RT PET/CT studies, separately. Mean SUV was then calculated for the parotid glands at both time points and compared to collected saliva. The SUV‐dose response relationship was assessed in a separate cohort (n = 60) also treated for HNC. Pre‐ and post‐RT PET/CT images were deformably aligned to PCT images to achieve correspondence between SUV and planned dose. SUV response was then modeled using a single parameter, incorporating planned dose and pre‐RT SUV; defined as metabolic dose. Results: Post‐RT stimulated saliva and SUV decreased (59% and 20%, respectively) in seven patients. For one patient, stimulated saliva and SUV increased (14% and 11%, respectively). Fractional SUV correlated significantly with xerostomia grade, P < 0.01 and Spearman's ρ = −0.964. A second order polynomial provided an adequate fit to the log transformed SUV‐dose response curve, adjusted R2 = 0.95. Post‐RT SUV was predicted within 3% for an exemplary patient, but overestimated (50%) in the worst case. Conclusions: Pilot data suggest that SUV is significantly correlated with parotid saliva output. Furthermore, the feasibility of predicting reductions in SUV, prior to treatment delivery, has been demonstrated. Conflict of Interest: Research partially sponsored by Varian Medical Systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3181
Number of pages1
JournalMedical physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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