Structural basis of transcription: Backtracked RNA Polymerase II at 3.4 Angstrom Resolution

Dong Wang, David A. Bushnell, Xuhui Huang, Kenneth D. Westover, Michael Levitt, Roger D. Kornberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

185 Scopus citations


Transcribing RNA polymerases oscillate between three stable states, two of which, pre- and posttranslocated, were previously subjected to x-ray crystal structure determination. We report here the crystal structure of RNA polymerase II in the third state, the reverse translocated, or "backtracked" state. The defining feature of the backtracked structure is a binding site for the first backtracked nucleotide. This binding site is occupied in case of nucleotide misincorporation in the RNA or damage to the DNA, and is termed the "P"site because it supports proofreading. The predominant mechanism of proofreading is the excision of a dinucleotide in the presence of the elongation factor SII (TFIIS). Structure determination of a cocrystal with TFIIS reveals a rearrangement whereby cleavage of the RNA may take place.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1203-1206
Number of pages4
Issue number5931
StatePublished - May 29 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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