The NF1 tumor suppressor gene encodes a guanosine triphosphotase (GTPase)-activating protein that negatively regulates Ras signaling and is inactivated in a subset of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemias (JMMLs). Adoptive transfer of fetal liver cells from Nf1 mutant mice models JMML; however, this system has important limitations as a platform for performing biologic and preclinical studies. We have exploited the interferon-inducible Mx1-Cre transgene to ablate a conditional mutant Nf1 allele in hematopoietic cells. Somatic inactivation of Nf1 induces a myeloproliferative disorder with 100% penetrance that is associated with a subacute clinical course, tissue infiltration by myeloid cells, hypersensitivity to granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, hyperproliferation, and resistance to apoptosis. These Mx1-Cre, Nf1flox/flox mice establish a tractable experimental model for testing therapeutics and for identifying mutations that cooperate with hyperactive Ras in myeloid leukemogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology