Sleep quality and nocturnal pain in patients with shoulder disorders

Edward Mulligan, Meredith Brunette, Zachary Shirley, Michael S Khazzam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Background: Nocturnal shoulder pain resulting in poor sleep quality is a common finding in patients with shoulder disease. The purpose of this paper was to describe and to compare the sleep quality, pain, and function in adult subjects who have been diagnosed with rotator cuff disorders, osteoarthritis, or adhesive capsulitis (AC). Methods: Patients completed a clinical assessment and comprehensive questionnaire regarding their current medical health history, shoulder symptoms, and impact of their symptoms on activities of daily living and quality of sleep. Results: The study analyzed 343 patients with an average age of 57.4 years. The mean Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation score for AC was 34%, which was significantly lower than the score for the subacromial impingement syndrome group of 53% ( P = .007). The mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scale score for AC was 38, which was also significantly lower than the score for the subacromial impingement syndrome group of 51 ( P = .007). There were no significant differences in pain, with mean scores ranging from 4.90 to 5.82 for diagnostic subgroups on a visual analog scale ( P = .28). Sleep quality was significantly poorer in the AC group ( P = .008), with a mean Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score of 12.07. Specific subcomponents of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index that had a significant impact on sleep interruption included sleep quality, sleep duration, and habitual sleep efficiency in the AC group ( P < .05). Conclusion: This study shows that whereas many patients with shoulder disease may have sleep-related issues, patients with adhesive capsulitis are particularly vulnerable to reduced sleep quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1452-1457
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Adhesive capsulitis
  • Cross-Sectional Design
  • Epidemiology Study
  • Level III
  • Nocturnal pain
  • Sleep quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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