Tissue cells continually monitor anchorage conditions by gauging the physical properties of their underlying matrix and surrounding environment. The Rho and Ras GTPases are essential components of these mechanosensory pathways. These molecular switches control both cytoskeletal as well as cell fate responses to anchorage conditions and are thus critical to our understanding of how cells respond to their physical environment and, by extension, how malignant cells gainsay these regulatory pathways. Recent studies indicate that 2 proteins produced by the SHC1 gene, thought for the most part to functionally oppose each other, collaborate in their ability to respond to mechanical force by initiating respective Rho and Ras signals. In this review, we focus on the coupling of Shc and GTPases in the cellular response to mechanical anchorage signals, with emphasis on its relevance for cancer.
- cellular anchorage
- focal adhesion kinase (FAK)GEF-H1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology