Role of the Rad1 and Rad10 proteins in nucleotide excision repair and recombination

A. A. Davies, E. C. Friedberg, A. E. Tomkinson, R. D. Wood, S. C. West

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102 Scopus citations


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the RAD1 and RAD10 genes are involved in DNA nucleotide excision repair (NER) and in a pathway of mitotic recombination that occurs between direct repeat DNA sequences. In this paper, we show that purified Rad1 and Rad10 interact with a synthetic bubble structure and incise the DNA at the 5'-side of the centrally unpaired region. When Rad1-Rad10 and purified XPG protein (the human homolog of yeast Rad2 protein) were co- incubated with the DNA substrate, we observed incisions at both ends of the bubble. This reaction mimics the dual incision step in nucleotide excision repair in vivo. In addition, the recent suggestion that Rad1 can act to resolve Holliday junctions (Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1994) Nature 371, 531-534), explaining the recombination defect observed in rad1 mutants, has been further investigated. However, using proteins purifled in two different laboratories we were unable to show any interaction between Rad1 and synthetic Holliday junctions. The role that Rad1-Rad10 plays in recombination is likely to resemble its activity in NER by acting upon partially unpaired DNA intermediates such as those formed by recombination mechanisms involving single-strand DNA annealing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24638-24641
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number42
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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