The present study was designed to determine the role of H2-receptors in the postprandial release of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) from the gastric fundus and antrum and from the pancreas. In dogs subjected to laparotomy, the pylorus was bisected and a gastric fistula was created, following which 250 ml 20% liver extract (LE) at pH 7 or 2 were instilled intragastrically. In the fundic vein the incremental SLI rise in response to LE at pH 7 was 2423 ± 540 pg/ml during a control infusion of saline and 4780 ± 863 pg/ml during the infusion of cimetidine (1 mg/kg per h) (P < 0.05). In the antral vein the incremental SLI in response to LE at pH 7 was 2182 ± 530 pg/ml during the saline control but did not rise significantly during cimetidine infusion. In the pancreatic vein the incremental SLI level after LE at pH 7 was 1953 ± 358 pg/ml in the control experiments and 4430 ± 1024 pg/ml during cimetidine infusion (P < 0.025). The incremental inferior vena cava SLI level was approximately 925 pg/ml in both groups (not significant). The instillation of LE at pH 2 during the saline control lowered fundic vein SLI by 500 pg/ml; this decline was abolished during cimetidine infusion. In the antral vein the incremental SLI level of 15 750 ± 2514 pg/ml during saline was lowered to only 6728 ± 2257 pg/ml during cimetidine (ifP < 0.025). After LE at pH 2 the incremental pancreatic vein SLI level of if5641 ± to be one regulatory component in the modulation of gastric acid secretion and gastrin release [21,26] during the gastric phase of a meal. The possible involvement of H2-receptors in this regulatory system is schematized in Fig. 7. Pancreatic SLI release is also influenced by H2-receptors but this appears to depend on the intragastric pH; stimulation of the receptors appears to lower the pancreatic SLI response to neutral protein and raise the response to acidified protein. If these effects are due to stimulation of gastric and/or pancreatic H2-receptors can not be determined from the present data. These findings, in conjunction with previous studies [21-25], reveal a highly complex regulatory system for somatostin release during the gastric phase of meal, and indicate that, in addition to the influence of muscarinic-cholinergic , adrenergic mechanisms  and prostaglandins , reveal a histaminergic influence must now be recognized.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience