RNPS1 inhibits excessive tumor necrosis factor/tumor necrosis factor receptor signaling to support hematopoiesis inmice

Xue Zhong, Jin Huk Choi, Sara Hildebrand, Sara Ludwig, Jianhui Wang, Evan Nair-Gill, Tzu Chieh Liao, James J. Moresco, Aijie Liu, Jiexia Quan, Qihua Sun, Duanwu Zhang, Xiaoming Zhan, Mihwa Choi, Xiaohong Li, Junmei Wang, Thomas Gallagher, Eva Marie Y. Moresco, Bruce Beutler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Null mutations of spliceosome components or cofactors are homozygous lethal in eukaryotes, but viable hypomorphic mutations provide an opportunity to understand the physiological impact of individual splicing proteins. We describe a viable missense allele (F181I) of Rnps1 encoding an essential regulator of splicing and nonsense-mediated decay (NMD), identified in a mouse genetic screen for altered immune cell development. Homozygous mice displayed a stem cell-intrinsic defect in hematopoiesis of all lineages due to excessive apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-dependent death signaling. Numerous transcript splice variants containing retained introns and skipped exons were detected at elevated frequencies in Rnps1F181I/F181I splenic CD8+ T cells and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), but NMD appeared normal. Strikingly, Tnf knockout rescued all hematopoietic cells to normal or near-normal levels in Rnps1F181I/F181I mice and dramatically reduced intron retention in Rnps1F181I/F181I CD8+ T cells and HSCs. Thus, RNPS1 is necessary for accurate splicing, without which disinhibited TNF signaling triggers hematopoietic cell death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2200128119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume119
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2022

Keywords

  • TNF
  • apoptosis
  • hematopoiesis
  • splicing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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