Review of brachytherapy complications – Upper gastrointestinal tract

Michael R. Folkert, Sujana Gottumukkala, Nhu Tram Nguyen, Amandeep Taggar, Ranjan Kumar Sur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


While brachytherapy applications are not widely used for cancer diagnoses in the upper GI tract (including the esophagus, liver, stomach, and pancreas), they have a clear role in palliation and symptom management and occasionally definitive locoregional treatment. With the increasing use of image-guided techniques, the incidence of side effects and complications has shown to be lower than many other alternative treatment modalities, making brachytherapy approaches a preferred treatment option. This review examines procedural complications and acute and chronic adverse effects from radiation associated with esophageal, hepatobiliary, and pancreatic brachytherapy and their management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1013
Number of pages9
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Biliary brachytherapy
  • Complications
  • Endoluminal brachytherapy
  • Esophageal brachytherapy
  • Intraluminal brachytherapy
  • Liver brachytherapy
  • Pancreatic brachytherapy
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Oncology


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