Respiratory acid-base disorders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The lungs serve to defend pH by altering alveolar ventilation which serves to control the pCO<inf>2</inf> of body fluids. Respiratory acidosis develops as a result of ineffective alveolar ventilation. Respiratory alkalosis results from hypocapnia and is defined by a PaCO<inf>2</inf> of less than 35 mmHg in the setting of alkalemia. An increase in alveolar ventilation relative to CO<inf>2</inf> production gives rise to respiratory alkalosis. The clinical disorders which lead to ineffective ventilation or excess ventilation are discussed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCore Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781461437703, 1461437695, 9781461437697
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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