Renal Nerve Activity and Arterial Depressor Responses Induced by Neuromodulation of the Deep Peroneal Nerve in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Kevin Romero, John Beitter, David Lloyd, Danny V. Lam, Ana Guadalupe Hernandez-Reynoso, Aswini Kanneganti, Han Kyul Kim, Caroline K. Bjune, Scott Smith, Wanpen Vongpatanasin, Mario I. Romero-Ortega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Hypertension is a main cause of death in the United States with more than 103 million adults affected. While pharmacological treatments are effective, blood pressure (BP) remains uncontrolled in 50–60% of resistant hypertensive subjects. Using a custom-wired miniature electrode, we previously reported that deep peroneal nerve stimulation (DPNS) elicited acute cardiovascular depressor responses in anesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Here, we further study this effect by implementing a wireless system and exploring different stimulation parameters to achieve a maximum depressor response. Our results indicate that DPNS consistently induces a reduction in BP and suggests that renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) is altered by this bioelectronic treatment. To test the acute effect of DPNS in awake animals, we developed a novel miniaturized wireless microchannel electrode (w-μCE), with a Z-shaped microchannel through which the target nerves slide and lock into the recording/stimulation chamber. Animals implanted with w-μCE and BP telemetry systems for 3 weeks showed an average BP of 150 ± 14 mmHg, which was reduced significantly by an active DPNS session to 135 ± 8 mmHg (p < 0.04), but not in sham-treated animals. The depressor response in animals with an active w-μCE was progressively returned to baseline levels 14 min later (164 ± 26 mmHg). This depressor response was confirmed in restrained fully awake animals that received DPNS for 10 days, where tail-cuff BP measurements showed that systolic BP in SHR lowered 10% at 1 h and 16% 2 h after the DPNS when compared to the post-implantation baseline. Together, these results support the use of DPN neuromodulation as a possible strategy to lower BP in drug-resistant hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number726467
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
StatePublished - May 16 2022


  • deep peroneal nerve
  • hypertension
  • neuromodulation
  • renal nerve activity
  • spontaneously hypertensive rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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