Regulation of NHE3 activity by G protein subunits in renal brush-border membranes

Frederick E. Albrecht, Jing Xu, Orson W. Moe, Ulrich Hopfer, William F. Simonds, John Orlowski, Pedro A. Jose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


NHE3 activity is regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation processes and membrane recycling in intact cells. However, the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) can also be regulated by G proteins independent of cytoplasmic second messengers, but the G protein subunits involved in this regulation are not known. Therefore, we studied G protein subunit regulation of NHE3 activity in renal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) in a system devoid of cytoplasmic components and second messengers. Basal NHE3 activity was not regulated by G(s)α or G(i)α, because antibodies to these G proteins by themselves were without effect. The inhibitory effect of D1-like agonists on NHE3 activity was mediated, in part, by G(s)α, because it was partially reversed by anti-G(s)α antibodies. Moreover, the amount of G(s)α that coimmunoprecipitated with NHE3 was increased by fenoldopam in both brush- border membranes and renal proximal tubule cells. Furthermore, guanosine 5'- O-(3-thiotriphosphate) but not guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate), the inactive analog of GDP, increased the amount of G(s)α that coimmunoprecipitated with NHE3. The α2-adrenergic agonist, UK-14304 or pertussis toxin (PTX) alone had no effect on NHE3 activity, but UK-14304 and PTX treatment attenuated the D1-like receptor-mediated NHE3 inhibition. The ability of UK-14304 to attenuate the D1-like agonist effect was not due to G(i)α, because the attenuation was not blocked by anti-G(i)α antibodies or by PTX. Anti-Gβ(common) antibodies, by themselves, slightly inhibited NHE3 activity but had little effect on D1-like receptor-mediated NHE3 inhibition. However, anti-Gβ(common) antibodies reversed the effects of UK-14304 and PTX on D1-like agonist-mediated NHE3 inhibition. These studies provide concrete evidence of a direct regulatory role for G(s)α, independent of second messengers, in the D1-like-mediated inhibition of NHE3 activity in rat renal BBMV. In addition, β/γ dimers of heterotrimeric G proteins appear to have a stimulatory effect on NHE3 activity in BBMV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1064-R1073
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number4 47-4
StatePublished - Apr 2000


  • Kidney
  • Proximal tubule
  • Sodium/hydrogen exchanger isoforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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