Regulation of follicular dendritic cell networks by activated T cells: The role of CD137 signaling

Yonglian Sun, Sarah E. Blink, Jonathan H. Chen, Yang Xin Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


B cells, but not T cells, are considered to be important for the formation of follicular dendritic cell (FDC) clusters. Stimulation with agonist mAbs against CD137 (4-1BB), a TNFR family member primarily expressed on activated T cells, was effective in promoting T cell responses, but paradoxically suppressed T-dependent humoral immunity and autoantibody production in autoimmune disease models. Our present study shows that agonistic anti-CD137 treatment activates T cells, resulting in diminished FDC networks in B cell follicles, which are important components in T-dependent humoral immune responses both before and after the initiation of an immune response. Pretreatment with anti-CD137 before the secondary immunization inhibited memory Ab responses. Interestingly, CD137 costimulation-induced diminishment of FDC is T cell dependent. In addition, both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells are recruited into FDC area and are able to regulate FDCs by CD137 costimulation through a direct or indirect mechanism. These studies have revealed a previously unappreciated role of T cells in the regulation of FDC networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)884-890
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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