Regression modeling of restricted mean survival time for left-truncated right-censored data

Rong Rong, Jing Ning, Hong Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The restricted mean survival time (RMST) is a clinically meaningful summary measure in studies with survival outcomes. Statistical methods have been developed for regression analysis of RMST to investigate impacts of covariates on RMST, which is a useful alternative to the Cox regression analysis. However, existing methods for regression modeling of RMST are not applicable to left-truncated right-censored data that arise frequently in prevalent cohort studies, for which the sampling bias due to left truncation and informative censoring induced by the prevalent sampling scheme must be properly addressed. The pseudo-observation (PO) approach has been used in regression modeling of RMST for right-censored data and competing-risks data. For left-truncated right-censored data, we propose to directly model RMST as a function of baseline covariates based on POs under general censoring mechanisms. We adjust for the potential covariate-dependent censoring or dependent censoring by the inverse probability of censoring weighting method. We establish large sample properties of the proposed estimators and assess their finite sample performances by simulation studies under various scenarios. We apply the proposed methods to a prevalent cohort of women diagnosed with stage IV breast cancer identified from surveillance, epidemiology, and end results-medicare linked database.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStatistics in Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • general censoring mechanisms
  • inverse probability of censoring weighting
  • left-truncated right-censored data
  • pseudo-observations
  • restricted mean survival time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics and Probability


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