Recurrent granulibacter bethesdensis infections and chronic granulomatous disease

David E. Greenberg, Adam R. Shoffner, Adrian M. Zelazny, Michael E. Fenster, Kol A. Zarember, Frida Stock, Li Ding, Kimberly R. Marshall-Batty, Richard L. Wasserman, David F. Welch, Kishore Kanakabandi, Dan E. Sturdevant, Kimmo Virtaneva, Stephen F. Porcella, Patrick R. Murray, Harry L. Malech, Steven M. Holland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is characterized by frequent infections, most of which are curable. Granulibacter bethesdensis is an emerging pathogen in patients with CGD that causes fever and necrotizing lymphadenitis. However, unlike typical CGD organisms, this organism can cause relapse after clinical quiescence. To better define whether infections were newly acquired or recrudesced, we use comparative bacterial genomic hybridization to characterize 11 isolates obtained from 5 patients with CGD from orth and entral America. Genomic typing showed that 3 atients had recurrent infection months to years after apparent linical cure. Two patients were infected with the same train as previously isolated, and 1 was infected with a enetically istinct strain. This organism is multidrug resistant, nd therapy required surgery and combination ntimicrobial drugs, including long-term ceftriaxone. G. bethesdensis causes necrotizing lymphadenitis in CGD, which may recur or relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1341-1348
Number of pages8
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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