Recovery in children ages 5–10 years at three months post-concussion

Cheryl Silver, Stephen Bunt, Nyaz Didehbani, Tahnae Tarkenton Allen, Cason Hicks, Heidi Rossetti, C. Munro Cullum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Some children and adolescents have persistent concussion symptoms that extend beyond the typical 3–4 week recovery window. Our understanding about what to expect when recovery is atypical, particularly in elementary-age children, is incomplete because there are very few targeted studies of this age group in the published literature. Aims were to identify lingering symptoms that present at three months post-concussion and to determine what factors are associated with prolonged recovery in an elementary-age group. Participants were 123 children aged 5–10 years who were seen at specialized concussion clinics, divided into expected and late recovery groups. Parents rated concussion symptoms on a scale from the Sideline Concussion Assessment Tool-5 (SCAT-5). The most frequent symptoms were headache, irritability, feeling more emotional, and sensitivity to noise. Stepwise logistic regression determined that female sex and total symptom burden at initial visit, but not any specific symptom, predicted prolonged recovery. Clinicians are advised to carefully monitor children who report numerous symptoms after concussion, particularly when the concussed children are girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalApplied Neuropsychology: Child
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Child
  • concussion
  • recovery
  • symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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