Reconstruction of scalp defects is required for acute trauma, tumor extirpation, radiation necrosis, and the repair of traumatic alopecia or cosmetically displeasing scars. The proper choice of a reconstructive technique is affected by several factors-the size and location of the defect, the presence or absence of periosteum, the quality of surrounding scalp tissue, the presence or absence of hair, location of the hairline, and patient comorbidities. Successful reconstruction of these defects requires a detailed knowledge of scalp anatomy, hair physiology, skin biomechanics, and the variety of possible local tissue rearrangements, as well as careful preoperative planning and precise intraoperative execution.
|Number of pages
|Plastic and reconstructive surgery
|Published - Sep 15 2005
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