PSA density is associated with BPH cellular composition

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Current AUA guidelines recommend 5 alpha reductase inhibitor (5ARI) treatment for patients with obstructive benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) that display prostate volume ≥30 cc and total prostate specific antigen (PSA) ≥1.5 ng/ml. However, BPH is highly pleomorphic and response to 5ARIs is highly variable. An understanding of cellular composition based on a noninvasive PSA density test could lead to improved clinical decision making. Methods: The histological composition of 307 BPH specimens was scored by a pathologist for stromo-glandular content and associated with total PSA, prostate volume, PSA density and other clinical variables using univariate and multivariate linear regression. Results: The percentage of glandular composition in prostates of 5ARI-naïve men was positively and independently associated with PSA and PSA density. It was determined through statistical modeling that a PSA density ≤0.05 ng/ml2 associated with a glandular composition of ≤30% with 76% sensitivity. Conclusions: PSA density could provide a decisive variable for estimating BPH cellular content and may eventually improve selection of patients for 5ARI treatment. Further work is needed to demonstrate that patients with higher glandular content are more responsive to 5ARI treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1162-1169
Number of pages8
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022


  • PSA density
  • benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • histology
  • prostate specific antigen
  • prostate volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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