Promoting Social Nurturance and Positive Social Environments to Reduce Obesity in High-Risk Youth

Dawn K. Wilson, Allison M. Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M. St. George

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth’s behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments. In this paper, we summarize evidence-based randomized controlled trials that integrate positive parenting, motivational, and behavioral skills strategies in different contexts, including primary care, home, community, and school-based settings. Taken together, these studies suggest that youth and parents are most likely to benefit when youth receive individual-level behavioral skills, family-level support and communication, and autonomous motivational support from the broader social environment. Future investigators and healthcare providers should consider integrating these evidence-based approaches that support the effects of positive social climate-based interventions on promoting healthy eating, physical activity, and weight management in youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-77
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Diet
  • Ethnic minorities
  • Nurturance
  • Obesity prevention
  • Physical activity
  • Positive parenting
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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