Prolonged persistent patent ductus arteriosus: Potential perdurable anomalies in premature infants

Y. P. Saldeño, V. Favareto, J. Mirpuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Objective: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common condition among preterm infants. Controversy exists regarding the risk-benefit ratio of early closure of PDAs by either medical or surgical treatments. On the other hand, potential morbidities associated with no or delayed closure has not been well studied. The objective of the study was to determine if there is an association of prolonged persistent PDA (PP-PDA) with various morbidities in infants ≤28 weeks or 1250 g.Study Design: This matched case-control analysis includes preterm infants with a diagnosis of PDA over a period of 28 months in a single level III center in the USA. The predictive variable was the presence of a PP-PDA (PDA>3 weeks). Cases were infants with PP-PDA and controls were those with PDA but not PP-PDA (two controls for each case). Outcome variables included days on mechanical ventilation and with oxygen treatment, length of hospital stay, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), retinopathy of prematurity stage III-V (ROP) necrotizing enterocolitis grade II or more (NEC), delayed growth, direct hyperbilirubinemia >4 mg dl-1 and osteopenia of prematurity. Data was obtained from database collected prospectively and from the review of clinical records when necessary. Statistics included ANOVA, Kaplan-Meier curves and χ2. Significance was set at P<0.05.Result: PP-PDA was associated with a significant increase in the number of days of mechanical ventilation, oxygen treatment and length of hospital stay, and in the rates of BPD (60% vs 4.5%), NEC (29% vs 5%), ROP (43% vs 5%), direct hyperbilirubinemia (41% vs 3%), osteopenia (44% vs 6%), parenteral nutrition for >40 days (70% vs 21%), tracheostomy during the hospitalization (15% vs 0%) and delayed growth (70% vs 21%), were also significantly higher in babies with PP-PDA.Conclusion: A prolonged exposure to PDA does not seem to be inconsequential for some infants and is associated with an increase prevalence of severe morbidities with potential long lasting effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)953-958
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • Indomethacin
  • Neonate
  • Outcomes
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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