Postmenopausal Bleeding

Karen D. Bradshaw, David Tait

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDisorders of Menstruation
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9781444332773
StatePublished - Mar 8 2011


  • Accurate patient history - diagnosing postmenopausal bleeding
  • Cervical, endometrial and reproductive tract cancers - abnormal bleeding, with papanicolau smear screening
  • Cervix speculum examination - excluding exocervical polyps or macroscopic cervical tumor
  • Diagnostic algorithm, and endometrial pathology - for postmenopausal bleeding patients
  • Family history of uterine, breast, ovarian or colon cancer - risk for endometrial cancer
  • Menopause and woman's last menstrual period - permanent cessation of ovulation
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Saline infusion sonography (sis) - infusing saline into endometrial cavity during tvus to enhance image
  • Systemic causes - chronic liver disease in disease settings
  • Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) - first-line tool to assess postmenopausal bleeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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