Post-operative dysnatremia is associated with adverse early outcomes after surgery for congenital heart disease

Andrea M. Ontaneda, Jorge A. Coss-Bu, Curtis Kennedy, Ayse Akcan-Arikan, Ernesto Fernandez, Javier J. Lasa, Jack F. Price, Lara S. Shekerdemian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Dysnatremia is a common disorder in critically ill surgical children. The study’s aim is to determine the prevalence of dysnatremia and its association with outcomes after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods: This is a single-center retrospective cohort study of children <18 years of age undergoing surgery for CHD between January 2012 and December 2014. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between dysnatremia and outcomes during the perioperative period. A total of 1345 encounters met the inclusion criteria. Results: The prevalence of pre- and post-operative dysnatremia were 10.2% and 47.1%, respectively. Hyponatremia occurred in 19.1%, hypernatremia in 25.6%. Hypernatremia at 24, 48, and 72 h post-operative was associated with increased hospital mortality (odds ratios (OR) [95% confidence intervals (CI)] 3.08 [1.16–8.17], p = 0.024; 4.35 [1.58–12], p = 0.0045; 4.14 [1.32–12.97], p = 0.0148, respectively. Hypernatremia was associated with adverse neurological events 3.39 [1.12–10.23], p = 0.0302 at 48 h post-operative. Hyponatremia was not associated with any adverse outcome in our secondary analysis. Conclusions: Post-operative dysnatremia is a common finding in this heterogeneous cohort of pediatric cardiac-surgical patients. Hypernatremia was more prevalent than hyponatremia and was associated with adverse early post-operative outcomes. Impact: Our study has shown that dysnatremia was highly prevalent in children after congenital heart surgery with hypernatremia associated with adverse outcomes including mortality.It is important to understand fluid and sodium regulation in the post-operative period in children with congenital heart disease to better address fluid overload and associated electrolyte imbalances and acute kidney injury.While clinicians are generally very aware of the importance of hyponatremia in critically ill children, similar attention should be given to hypernatremia in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-617
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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