Poor quality of life in patients with urethral stricture treated with intermittent self-dilation

Jessica D. Lubahn, Lee C. Zhao, J. Francis Scott, Steven J. Hudak, Justin Chee, Ryan Terlecki, Benjamin Breyer, Allen F. Morey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Purpose: We assessed patient perceptions of regular intermittent self-dilation in men with urethral stricture. Materials and Methods: We constructed and distributed a visual analog questionnaire to evaluate intermittent self-dilation via catheterization by men referred for urethral stricture management at a total of 4 institutions. Items assessed included patient duration, frequency, difficulty and pain associated with intermittent self-dilation as well as interference of intermittent self-dilation with daily activity. The primary outcome was patient perceived quality of life. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess factors that affected this outcome. Results: Included in the study were 85 patients with a median age of 68 years, a median of 3.0 years on intermittent self-dilation and a median frequency of 1 dilation per day. On a 1 to 10 scale the median intermittent self-dilation difficulty was 5.0 ± 2.7, the median pain score was 3.0 ± 2.7 and median interference with daily life was 2.0 ± 1.3. Overall quality of life in patients with stricture was poor (median score 7.0 ± 2.6 with poor quality of life defined as 7 or greater). On univariate analysis younger age (p <0.01), interference (p = 0.03), pain (p <0.01) and difficulty performing intermittent self-dilation (p = 0.03) correlated with poor quality of life in a statistically significant manner. On multivariate analysis only difficulty catheterizing (p <0.01) and younger age (p = 0.05) were statistically significant predictors. Patients with stricture involving the posterior urethra had a statistically significant increase in difficulty and decrease in quality of life (each p = 0.04). Conclusions: Most patients with urethral stricture who are on intermittent self-dilation rate difficulty and pain as moderate, and inconvenience as low but report poor quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-147
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • catheterization
  • contracture
  • questionnaires
  • urethral stricture
  • urinary bladder neck obstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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