Photosensitized activation of diazonium derivatives for C–B bond formation

Alexia Ripak, Simon De Kreijger, Renato N. Sampaio, Cooper A. Vincent, Émilie Cauët, Ivan Jabin, Uttam K. Tambar, Benjamin Elias, Ludovic Troian-Gautier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aryl diazonium salts are ubiquitous building blocks in chemistry, as they are useful radical precursors in organic synthesis as well as for the functionalization of solid materials. They can be reduced electrochemically or through a photo-induced electron transfer reaction. Here, we provide a detailed picture of the ground- and excited-state reactivity of a series of nine rare and earth-abundant photosensitizers with 13 aryl diazonium salts, which also included three macrocyclic calix[4]arene tetradiazonium salts. Nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy confirmed the occurrence of excited-state electron transfer and was used to quantify cage-escape yields (i.e., the efficiency with which the formed radicals separate and escape the solvent cage). Cage-escape yields were large; they increased when the driving force for photo-induced electron transfer increased and also tracked with the C–N2+ bond cleavage propensity, among others. A photo-induced borylation reaction was then investigated with all the photosensitizers and proceeded with yields between 9% and 74%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100490
JournalChem Catalysis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 16 2023


  • cage escape
  • catalysis
  • diazonium
  • electron transfer
  • Hammett
  • mechanism
  • photo-induced
  • photoredox
  • SDG3: Good health and well-being
  • transient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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