Phosphorylation of CCAAT-enhancer binding protein by protein kinase C attenuates site-selective DNA binding

Charles W. Mahoney, Jon Shuman, Steven L. McKnight, Hao Chia Chen, Kuo Ping Huang

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112 Scopus citations


Four DNA-recombinant proteins, corresponding to the DNA-binding domain of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP), were phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase C (PKC). High-performance liquid chromatography-peptide mapping of 32P-labeled C/EBP indicated the presence of three major 32P- labeled peptides: S299 (P)RDK, AKKS277 (P)VDK, and GAAGLP-GPGGS248 (P)LK. Phosphorylation of C/EBP by PKC or M-kinase resulted in an attenuation of binding to a 32P-labeled CCAAT oligodeoxynucleotide. Three other truncated forms of C/EBP, C/EBP87, C/EBP87(S-C), and C/EBP60, were studied to define the sites of phosphorylation affecting DNA binding. Phosphorylation of the C/EBP87, containing sites Ser299 and Ser277, and C/EBP60, containing only site Ser299, by PKC also resulted in attenuation of DNA binding. In contrast, phosphorylation of C/EBP87(S-C), which retained Ser277 but had a Cys in place of Ser299, had no effect on DNA binding. Ser299 could not be phosphorylated by PKC if the protein is already bound to specific DNA. Phosphorylation of intact C/EBP from liver nuclear extract by PKC or M-kinase occurred at Ser299 and Ser277 and at an additional site, as demonstrated by immunoprecipitation and peptide mapping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19396-19403
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number27
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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