Phosphatidylserine (PS)-targeting monoclonal Abs (mAbs) that directly target PS and target PS via b2-gp1 (b2GP1) have been in preclinical and clinical development for over 10 y for the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer. Although the intended targets of PS-binding mAbs have traditionally included pathogens as well as stressed tumor cells and its associated vasculature in oncology, the effects of PS-targeting mAbs on activated immune cells, notably T cells, which externalize PS upon Ag stimulation, is not well understood. Using human T cells from healthy donor PBMCs activated with an anti-CD3 + anti-CD28 Ab mixture (anti-CD3/CD28) as a model for TCR-mediated PS externalization and T cell stimulation, we investigated effects of two different PS-targeting mAbs, 11.31 and bavituximab (Bavi), on TCR activation and TCR-mediated cytokine production in an ex vivo paradigm. Although 11.31 and Bavi bind selectivity to anti-CD3/28 activated T cells in a PS-dependent manner, surprisingly, they display distinct functional activities in their effect on IFN-g and TNF-A production, whereby 11.31, but not Bavi, suppressed cytokine production. This inhibitory effect on anti-CD3/28 activated T cells was observed on both CD4+ and CD8+ cells and independently of monocytes, suggesting the effects of 11.31 were directly mediated by binding to externalized PS on activated T cells. Imaging showed 11.31 and Bavi bind at distinct focal depots on the cell membrane. Collectively, our findings indicate that PS-targeting mAb 11.31 suppresses cytokine production by anti-CD3/28 activated T cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy