Peripheral biomarkers of major depression and antidepressant treatment response: Current knowledge and future outlooks

Bharathi S. Gadad, Manish K. Jha, Andrew Czysz, Jennifer L. Furman, Taryn L. Mayes, Michael P. Emslie, Madhukar H. Trivedi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


Background: In recent years, we have accomplished a deeper understanding about the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Nevertheless, this improved comprehension has not translated to improved treatment outcome, as identification of specific biologic markers of disease may still be crucial to facilitate a more rapid, successful treatment. Ongoing research explores the importance of screening biomarkers using neuroimaging, neurophysiology, genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics measures. Results: In the present review, we highlight the biomarkers that are differentially expressed in MDD and treatment response and place a particular emphasis on the most recent progress in advancing technology which will continue the search for blood-based biomarkers. Limitations: Due to space constraints, we are unable to detail all biomarker platforms, such as neurophysiological and neuroimaging markers, although their contributions are certainly applicable to a biomarker review and valuable to the field. Conclusions: Although the search for reliable biomarkers of depression and/or treatment outcome is ongoing, the rapidly-expanding field of research along with promising new technologies may provide the foundation for identifying key factors which will ultimately help direct patients toward a quicker and more effective treatment for MDD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of affective disorders
StatePublished - Jun 2018


  • Biomarkers
  • Biosignatures
  • Depression
  • Genomics
  • Metabolomics
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Peripheral biomarkers of major depression and antidepressant treatment response: Current knowledge and future outlooks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this