Pallidal low β-low γ phase-amplitude coupling inversely correlates with Parkinson disease symptoms

Christos Tsiokos, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Nicholas AuYong, Nader Pouratian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Objective Recent discoveries suggest that it is most likely the coupling of β oscillations (13–30 Hz) and not merely their power that relates to Parkinson disease (PD) pathophysiology. Methods We analyzed power and phase amplitude coupling (PAC) in local field potentials (LFP) recorded from Pallidum after placement of deep brain stimulation (DBS) leads in nineteen PD patients and three patients with dystonia. Results Within GPi, we identified PAC between phase of β and amplitude of high frequency oscillations (200–300 Hz) and distinct β-low γ (40–80 Hz) PAC both modulated by contralateral movement. Resting β-low γ PAC, also present in dystonia patients, inversely correlated with severity of rigidity and bradykinesia (R = −0.44, P = 0.028). These findings were specific to the low β band, suggesting a differential role for the two β sub-bands. Conclusions PAC is present across distinct frequency bands within the GPi. Given the presence of low β-low γ PAC in dystonia and the inverse correlation with symptom severity, we propose that this PAC may be a normal pallidal signal. Significance This study provides new evidence on the pathophysiological contribution of local pallidal coupling and suggests similar and distinct patterns of coupling within GPi and STN in PD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2165-2178
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Basal ganglia
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Parkinson disease
  • Phase-amplitude coupling
  • β oscillations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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