Obstructive sleep apnea: An update for mental health providers

Imran S. Khawaja, Ali Hashmi, Ayesha Ebrahim, Connie Ullevig, Asim Shah, Thomas D. Hurwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder during sleep that has many implications beyond disrupted sleep. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition recognizes three sleep-related breathing disorders— OSA, central sleep apnea, and sleep-related hypoventilation. OSA has many overlapping symptoms with depression, and is increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. It is crucial for mental health providers to remain vigilant in recognizing patients with signs and symptoms consistent with OSA. This review focuses on updates in terminology and testing, complications of untreated OSA, and its relationship with mental disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatric Annals
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Obstructive sleep apnea: An update for mental health providers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this