Nucleosome dynamics define transcriptional enhancers

Housheng Hansen He, Clifford A. Meyer, Hyunjin Shin, Shannon T. Bailey, Gang Wei, Qianben Wang, Yong Zhang, Kexin Xu, Min Ni, Mathieu Lupien, Piotr Mieczkowski, Jason D. Lieb, Keji Zhao, Myles Brown, X. Shirley Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

375 Scopus citations


Chromatin plays a central role in eukaryotic gene regulation. We performed genome-wide mapping of epigenetically marked nucleosomes to determine their position both near transcription start sites and at distal regulatory elements, including enhancers. In prostate cancer cells, where androgen receptor binds primarily to enhancers, we found that androgen treatment dismisses a central nucleosome present at androgen receptor binding sites that is flanked by a pair of marked nucleosomes. A new quantitative model built on the behavior of such nucleosome pairs correctly identified regions bound by the regulators of the immediate androgen response, including androgen receptor and FOXA1. More importantly, this model also correctly predicted previously unidentified binding sites for other transcription factors present after prolonged androgen stimulation, including OCT1 and NKX3-1. Therefore, quantitative modeling of enhancer structure provides a powerful predictive method to infer the identity of transcription factors involved in cellular responses to specific stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-347
Number of pages5
JournalNature genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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