Nonsurgical modalities to treat the aging face.

Rebecca Fitzgerald, Miles H. Graivier, Michael Kane, Z. Paul Lorenc, Danny Vleggaar, Wm Philip Werschler, Jeffrey M. Kenkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Injectable shaping agents include neurotoxins (botulinum toxin type A products), replacement fillers (hyaluronic acid [HA] agents), and biostimulatory fillers (calcium hydroxylapatite [CaHA], polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA], and poly-L-lactic acid [PLLA]). This article presents an overview of the agents currently available for use in facial rejuvenation in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31S-5S
JournalAesthetic surgery journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic surgery
Volume30 Suppl
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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