Noncardiac Incidental Findings on Cardiac CT: A Step-by-Step Approach

Christopher D. Maroules, Brian B. Ghoshhajra, Nagina Malguria, Michael Landay, Jed Hummel, Maros Ferencik, Suhny Abbara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Noncardiac incidental findings on cardiac CT are remarkably common and some of these may have a significant impact on patient management. Herein, we present a straightforward and cost-effective step-by-step approach for identifying and reporting noncardiac incidental findings. In Step 1, we discuss the 'ABCDEFG' search pattern for systematically reviewing noncardiac organ systems. The most prevalent and clinically significant incidental findings are highlighted with strategies for increasing their conspicuity. In Step 2, the importance of reviewing clinical history and prior imaging studies is discussed. In Step 3, we provide a classification scheme and follow-up recommendations for incidental findings based on their potential clinical significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9283
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Cardiovascular Imaging Reports
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2014


  • Cardiac computed tomography
  • Cardiovascular imaging
  • Incidental findings
  • Noncardiac structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Histology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Cell Biology


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