Nanofiller reinforced biodegradable PLA/PHA composites: Current status and future trends

Jingyao Sun, Jingjing Shen, Shoukai Chen, Merideth A. Cooper, Hongbo Fu, Daming Wu, Zhaogang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


The increasing demand for environmental protection has led to the rapid development of greener and biodegradable polymers, whose creation provided new challenges and opportunities for the advancement of nanomaterial science. Biodegradable polymer materials and even nanofillers (e.g., natural fibers) are important because of their application in greener industries. Polymers that can be degraded naturally play an important role in solving public hazards of polymer materials and maintaining ecological balance. The inherent shortcomings of some biodegradable polymers such as weak mechanical properties, narrow processing windows, and low electrical and thermal properties can be overcome by composites reinforced with various nanofillers. These biodegradable polymer composites have wide-ranging applications in different areas based on their large surface area and greater aspect ratio. Moreover, the polymer composites that exploit the synergistic effect between the nanofiller and the biodegradable polymer matrix can lead to enhanced properties while still meeting the environmental requirement. In this paper, a broad review on recent advances in the research and development of nanofiller reinforced biodegradable polymer composites that are used in various applications, including electronics, packing materials, and biomedical uses, is presented. We further present information about different kinds of nanofillers, biodegradable polymer matrixes, and their composites with specific concern to our daily applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number505
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 7 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Biodegradable
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Nanocellulose
  • Nanoclay
  • Polymer composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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