Multiple Sclerosis

Ardith M. Courtney, Katherine Treadaway, Gina Remington, Elliot Frohman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Multiple sclerosis is the most common disabling neurologic disease affecting young adults and adolescents in the United States. The first objective of this article is to familiarize nonspecialists with the cardinal features of multiple sclerosis and our current understanding of its etiology, epidemiology, and natural history. The second objective is to explain the approach to diagnosis. The third is to clarify current evidence-based treatment strategies and their roles in disease modification. The overall goal is to facilitate the timely evaluation and confirmation of diagnosis and enhance effective management through collaboration among primary physicians, neurologists, and other care providers who are confronted with these formidably challenging patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-476
Number of pages26
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2009


  • Disease modifying therapy
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Optic neuritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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