Multiple Mini-Interview Utilization in United States Physician Assistant Program Admission Processes

Kassidy James, Ziemowit Mazur, Michel Statler, Theresa Hegmann, Grace Landel, Venetia L. Orcutt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: Health care program admission processes utilize multi-faceted approaches to evaluate cognitive and noncognitive attributes of applicants. The multiple mini-interview (MMI) was developed in response to the need for a reliable and validated tool to assess noncognitive factors and has been increasingly incorporated into the admissions process by physician assistant (PA) programs. The study's purpose was to explore the current implementation and utilization of the MMI within PA programs. METHODS: The study used a mixed-methods exploratory approach including a telephone survey and semi-structured interview of 11 PA programs using the MMI in their admissions process. Quantitative data collected included demographic information, MMI implementation characteristics, station structure, scoring, feasibility, satisfaction with MMI utilization, and MMI evaluation methods. RESULTS: During the 2015-2016 admissions cycle, the participating programs used from 5 to 10 stations, averaging 7 minutes per station, requiring 8 faculty, 2 staff, and 7 students per interview session. Despite variation in program size, number of applicants, and years of MMI utilization, all participating programs reported that they were satisfied with the format and would continue to utilize the MMI in the admissions process. CONCLUSIONS: While there is substantial literature describing the use of the MMI within health care programs globally, this study represents the first characterization of its use within PA programs on a national level. Although there was variation among PA program implementation of the MMI, our results are comparable to studies within other health care professions. Additional studies are necessary to further describe the MMI and its correlation with PA program educational outcomes and the impact on diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-78
Number of pages5
JournalThe journal of physician assistant education : the official journal of the Physician Assistant Education Association
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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