Multiparametric MRI Characterization of Funaki Types of Uterine Fibroids Considered for MR-Guided High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MR-HIFU) Therapy

Sajan Andrews, Qing Yuan, April Bailey, Yin Xi, Rajiv Chopra, Ivan Pedrosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Rationale and Objectives: To compare quantitative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) data of symptomatic uterine fibroids being considered for MR-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation with fibroid characterization based on the Funaki Classification scheme. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, Institutional Review Board -approved, Health Insurance Portability, and Accountability Act-compliant study. Informed consent was obtained. From December 2013 to April 2015, 48 women with symptomatic fibroids underwent screening with mpMRI protocol including sagittal/axial T2-weighted fast spin-echo, sagittal diffusion-weighted, and sagittal dynamic contrast-enhanced 3D T1-weighted gradient echo imaging on a 3T magnet. All fibroids were assigned Funaki type 1, 2, or 3 based on T2-weighted imaging. Differences in size, perfusion, and diffusion/intravoxel incoherent motion parameters among the three Funaki types were determined using linear mixed model. A logistic regression analysis was performed to select the best model in predicting type 3 fibroids. Results: A total of 100 fibroids were assessed (20 type 1, 66 type 2, and 14 type 3). Apparent diffusion coefficient and D of type 3 fibroids were significantly higher than those of type 1 (P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001) and 2 fibroids (P = 0.004, P < 0.0001) respectively. Transfer constant of type 3 fibroids was significantly higher than type 1 (P = 0.0357), but not than type 2 (P = 0.0752). A cutoff value of D = 1 × 10 −3 mm 2 /s offers an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 76%, 71%, and 77%, respectively, for the diagnosis of Funaki 3 fibroids. Conclusion: mpMRI-derived quantitative parameters may enable a more objective selection of patients prior to MR-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e9-e17
JournalAcademic radiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • fibroids
  • mpMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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