Work from the laboratory of Dr. Arthur B. Pardee has highlighted basic principles that govern cellular and molecular biological processes in living cells. Among the most important governing principles in cellular and molecular responses are: (i) threshold "restriction" responses, wherein a level of response is reached and a "point of no return" is achieved; (ii) feedback regulation; and (iii) redundancy. Lessons learned from the molecular biology of cellular stress responses in mammalian cancer versus normal cells after ionizing radiation (IR) or chemotherapeutic agent exposures reveal similar instances of these guiding principles in mammalian cells. Among these are the: (i) induction of cell death responses by β-lapachone (β-lap), a naphthoquinone anti-tumor agent that kills cancer cells via an NQO1 (i.e., X-ray-inducible protein-3, xip3)-dependent mechanism; (ii) induction of secretory clusterin (sCLU) in response to TGF-β1 exposure, and the ability of induced sCLU protein to down-regulate TGF-β1 signaling; and (iii) induction of DNA mismatch repair-dependent G2 cell cycle checkpoint responses after exposure to alkylating agents. We have learned these lessons and now adopted strategies to exploit them for improved therapy. These examples will be discussed and compared to the pioneering findings of researchers in the Pardee laboratory over the years.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of cellular physiology|
|State||Published - Dec 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology