Monte Carlo dose calculations for high-dose-rate brachytherapy using GPU-accelerated processing

Z. Tian, M. Zhang, B. Hrycushko, K. Albuquerque, S. B. Jiang, X. Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: Current clinical brachytherapy dose calculations are typically based on the Association of American Physicists in Medicine Task Group report 43 (TG-43) guidelines, which approximate patient geometry as an infinitely large water phantom. This ignores patient and applicator geometries and heterogeneities, causing dosimetric errors. Although Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculation is commonly recognized as the most accurate method, its associated long computational time is a major bottleneck for routine clinical applications. This article presents our recent developments of a fast MC dose calculation package for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy, gBMC, built on a graphics processing unit (GPU) platform. Methods and Materials: gBMC-simulated photon transport in voxelized geometry with physics in 192Ir HDR brachytherapy energy range considered. A phase-space file was used as a source model. GPU-based parallel computation was used to simultaneously transport multiple photons, one on a GPU thread. We validated gBMC by comparing the dose calculation results in water with that computed TG-43. We also studied heterogeneous phantom cases and a patient case and compared gBMC results with Acuros BV results. Results: Radial dose function in water calculated by gBMC showed

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-398
Number of pages12
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Dose calculation
  • GPU
  • High-dose-rate brachytherapy
  • Monte Carlo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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