Midbrain dopamine neurons: differential responses to amphetamine isomers

Sally Browder, Dwight C. German, Parkhurst A. Shore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Intravenously administered d- and l-amphetamine have different potency ratios in reducing the firing rates of dopamine cells in the substantia nigra and in the ventral tegmental area. While d-amphetamine is considerably more potent than l-amphetamine in reducing ventral substantia nigra dopamine neuronal impulse flow, d- and l-amphetamine are of similar potency in reducing dorsal substantia nigra and ventral tegmental dopamine neuronal impulse flow. These results suggest that all dopamine cell groups are not pharmacologically identical and that different dopamine nuclei may respond differently to psychoactive drugs. The comparable potencies of the d- and l-isomers on dorsal substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area dopamine neurons may explain, by a dopamine mechanism, the finding that comparable doses of the isomers produce schizophrenic-like symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-342
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2 1981


  • amphetamine isomers
  • dopamine
  • paranoid schizophrenia
  • substantia nigra
  • ventral tegmental area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Midbrain dopamine neurons: differential responses to amphetamine isomers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this