Metabolism of kidney cancer: From the lab to clinical practice

Sunil Sudarshan, Jose A. Karam, James Brugarolas, R. Houston Thompson, Robert Uzzo, Brian Rini, Vitaly Margulis, Jean Jacques Patard, Bernard Escudier, W. Marston Linehan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Context: There is increasing evidence for the role of altered metabolism in the pathogenesis of renal cancer. Objective: This review characterizes the metabolic effects of genes and signaling pathways commonly implicated in renal cancer. Evidence acquisition: A systematic review of the literature was performed using PubMed. The search strategy included the following terms: renal cancer, metabolism, HIF, VHL. Evidence synthesis: Significant progress has been made in the understanding of the metabolic derangements present in renal cancer. These findings have been derived through translational, in vitro, and in vivo studies. To date, the most well-characterized metabolic features of renal cancer are linked to von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) loss. VHL loss and the ensuing increase in the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor affect several metabolic pathways, including glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. Collectively, these changes promote a glycolytic metabolic phenotype in renal cancer. In addition, other histologic subtypes of renal cancer are also notable for metabolic derangements that are directly related to the causative genes. Conclusions: Current knowledge of the genetics of renal cancer has led to significant understanding of the metabolism of this malignancy. Further studies of the metabolic basis of renal cell carcinoma should provide the foundation for the development of new treatment approaches and development of novel biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-251
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • Kidney cancer
  • Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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