Mapping the GRIF-1 binding domain of the kinesin, KIF5C, substantiates a role for GRIF-1 as an adaptor protein in the anterograde trafficking of cargoes

Miriam J. Smith, Karine Pozo, Kieran Brickley, F. Anne Stephenson

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74 Scopus citations


γ-Aminobutyric acid, type A (GABAA) receptor interacting factor-1 (GRIF-1) and N-acetylglucosamine transferase interacting protein (OIP) 106 are both members of a newly identified coiled-coil family of proteins. They are kinesin-associated proteins proposed to function as adaptors in the anterograde trafficking of organelles to synapses. Here we have studied in more detail the interaction between the prototypic kinesin heavy chain, KIF5C, kinesin light chain, and GRIF-1. The GRIF-1 binding site of KIF5C was mapped using truncation constructs in yeast two-hybrid interaction assays, co-immunoprecipitations, and co-localization studies following expression in mammalian cells. Using these approaches, it was shown that GRIF-1 and the KIF5C binding domain of GRIF-1, GRIF-1-(124-283), associated with the KIF5C non-motor domain. Refined studies using yeast two-hybrid interactions and co-immunoprecipitations showed that GRIF-1 and GRIF-1-(124-283) associated with the cargo binding region within the KIF5C non-motor domain. Substantiation that the GRIF-1-KIF5C interaction was direct was shown by fluorescence resonance energy transfer analyses using fluorescently tagged GRIF-1 and KIF5C constructs. A significant fluorescence resonance energy transfer value was found between the C-terminal EYFP-tagged KIF5C and ECFP-GRIF-1, the C-terminal EYFP-tagged KIF5C non-motor domain and ECFP-GRIF-1, but not between the N-terminal EYFP-tagged KIF5C nor the EYFP-KIF5C motor domain and ECFP-GRIF-1, thus confirming direct association between the two proteins at the KIF5C C-terminal and GRIF-1 N-terminal regions. Co-immunoprecipitation and confocal imaging strategies further showed that GRIF-1 can bind to the tetrameric kinesin light-chain/kinesin heavy-chain complex. These findings support a role for GRIF-1 as a kinesin adaptor molecule requisite for the anterograde delivery of defined cargoes such as mitochondria and/or vesicles incorporating β2 subunit-containing GABAA receptors, in the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27216-27228
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number37
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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