Management of hepatocellular carcinoma

Michael A. Choti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is responsible for a significant amount of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. In many countries, including the United States, a definite increase in the incidence of HCC has been reported recently, largely attributable to the increasing incidence of hepatitis C infection. Unfortunately, the current management of HCC is confusing due to the large number of treatment options available. The difficulty of managing a patient with HCC is compounded by the lack of well-designed, randomized clinical trials comparing the various treatment modalities. Nevertheless, many exciting management options are currently available that may prove valuable in the treatment of this disease. Partial hepatic resection or, in some instances, liver transplantation offers the best chance for cure. However, various ablative therapies, including percutaneous ethanol injection, radiofrequency ablation, and cryosurgery, may produce a survival benefit. In the future, systemic chemotherapy and transarterial chemoembolization, employed either alone or as adjuncts to ablation or resection, may play an increasing role in palliating or down-staging a patient with advanced HCC. This overview of the state-of-the-art management of HCC attempts to guide the practicing physician in selecting the best treatment plan for an individual with HCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1085-1098
Number of pages14
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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