Macrophage 12(s)-hete enhances angiotensin ii-induced contraction by a blt2 (leukotriene b4 type-2 receptor) and tp (thromboxane receptor)-mediated mechanism in murine arteries

Tamas Kriska, Anja Herrnreiter, Sandra L. Pfister, Adeniyi Adebesin, John R. Falck, William B. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


12/15-LO (12/15-lipoxygenase), encoded by Alox15 gene, metabolizes arachidonic acid to 12(S)-HETE (12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid). Macrophages are the major source of 12/15-LO among immune cells, and 12/15-LO plays a crucial role in development of hypertension. Global Alox15- or macrophage-deficient mice are resistant to Ang II (angiotensin II)-induced hypertension. This study tests the hypothesis that macrophage 12(S)-HETE contributes to Ang II-mediated arterial constriction and thus to development of Ang II-induced hypertension. Ang II constricted isolated abdominal aortic and mesenteric arterial rings. 12(S)-HETE (100 nmol/L) alone was without effect; however, it significantly enhanced Ang II-induced constriction. The presence of wild-type macrophages also enhanced the Ang II-induced constriction, while Alox15-/- macrophages did not. Using this model, pretreatment of aortic rings with inhibitors, receptor agonists/antagonists, or removal of the endothelium, systematically uncovered an endothelium-mediated, Ang II receptor-2-mediated and superoxide-mediated enhancing effect of 12(S)-HETE on Ang II constrictions. The role of superoxide was confirmed using aortas from p47phox-/- mice where 12(S)-HETE failed to enhance constriction to Ang II. In cultured arterial endothelial cells, 12(S)-HETE increased the production of superoxide, and 12(S)-HETE or Ang II increased the production of an isothromboxane-like metabolite. A TP (thromboxane receptor) antagonist inhibited 12(S)-HETE enhancement of Ang II constriction. Both Ang II-induced hypertension and the enhancing effect of 12(S)-HETE on Ang II contractions were eliminated by a BLT2 (leukotriene B4 receptor-2) antagonist. These results outline a mechanism where the macrophage 12/15-LO pathway enhances the action of Ang II. 12(S)-HETE, acting on the BLT2, contributes to the hypertensive action of Ang II in part by promoting endothelial synthesis of a superoxide-derived TP agonist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-114
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Angiotensin II
  • Arachidonic acid
  • Lipoxygenase
  • Macrophages
  • Thromboxanes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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