Leptin is essential for energy homeostasis and regulation of food intake. Patients with congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) due to mutations in 1-Acylglycerol- 3-phosphate- O -Acyltransferase 2 ( AGPAT2 ) and the CGL murine model ( Agpat2 - / - mice) both have severe insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, hepatic steatosis, and low plasma leptin levels. In this study, we show that continuous leptin treatment of Agpat2 - / - mice for 28 days reduced plasma insulin and glucose levels and normalized hepatic steatosis and hypertriglyceridemia. Leptin also partially, but signifi- cantly, reversed the low plasma thyroxine and high corticosterone levels found in Agpat2 - / - mice. Levels of carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) were reduced, whereas lipogenic gene expression were increased in the livers of Agpat2 - / - mice, suggesting that deregulated ChREBP contributed to the development of fatty livers in these mice and that this transcription factor is a target of leptin's beneficial metabolic action. Leptin administration did not change hepatic fatty acid oxidation enzymes mRNA levels in Agpat2 - / - mice. The selective deletion of leptin receptors only in hepatocytes did not prevent the positive metabolic actions of leptin in Agpat2 - / - mice, supporting the notion that the majority of metabolic actions of leptin are dependent on its action in nonhepatocyte cells and/or the central nervous system. -Cortés, V. A., K. M. Cautivo, S. Rong, A. Garg, J. D. Horton, and A. K. Agarwal. Leptin ameliorates insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in Agpat2 - / - lipodystrophic mice independent of hepatocyte leptin receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of lipid research|
|State||Published - Feb 2014|
- Diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology